Physical Needs Assessment

Physical Needs Assessment Services

We Specialize in Multi-Family Residential Housing

Offering full real estate due diligence services with a team of registered professionals, OGI Environmental (OGI) has been conducting Physical Needs Assessments (PNA), Property Condition Assessments (PCA) and Level I Seismic Assessments for properties throughout the United States since 2005 (See our full list of clients).  Specializing in multi-family residential housing, OGI has worked for major lenders following ASTM Standards and Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac guidelines and has the ability to customize reports to the specific needs of the client.

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OGI has been conducting Physical Needs Assessments since 2005.

Property Conditions Report

The purpose of our assessments is to provide the client with a straightforward and understandable reporting of property conditions subsequent to an on-site review and to document the physical condition of the property and to identify material physical deficiencies of building systems and components. Typically these include: the structural frame and building envelope, roofing, plumbing, HVAC, electrical, vertical transportation, life safety/fire protection, and interior elements, such as appliances, flooring and interior walls and ceilings. Additionally OGI inspects site characteristics including, storm water drainage, paving, sidewalks, landscaping, and any recreational facilities. OGI’s assessments meet or exceed the ASTM requirements and Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac requirements.

OGI routinely conducts Property Condition Assessments and Physical Needs Assessments to identify and provide cost estimates for the following key items:

  • Immediate Physical Needs – Fire and life safety issues, ADA Level I compliance, code compliance, repairs, replacements and significant deferred maintenance items which should be done immediately.
  • Physical Needs Over the Term – Repairs, replacements and significant maintenance items which will be needed over the term of the mortgage and two years beyond for building components that have or will reach the end of their useful life during the lender established loan term.

Our Real Estate Due Diligence Capabilities Include

  • Construction document and budget estimate reviews; pre-constructions
  • Walk-through visual surveys with Client
  • Written reports with cost tables, photographs and supporting documentation
  • Third party desk-top reviews
  • Construction monitoring
  • Monthly inspections for work in progress and/or condition

Level I Seismic Assessments

OGI also conducts Level I Seismic Assessments when required by lenders to determine Probable Maximum Loss (PMS) values.  PML values are determined considering available information regarding the property’s structural, geotechnical, and seismicity characteristics, and utilizing the ASTM E 2026-07 referenced seismic damage prediction method known as the ‘Thiel and Zsutty Method’.  The method correlates the expected damage estimate to a statistical model, which combines historical earthquake damage records, expert opinion data from Applied Technology Council damage curves (ATC-13), peak ground acceleration, soil characteristics and the structural system.  The specified peak ground acceleration is based on the USGS probabilistic seismic hazard database, and is produced by a seismic event that has a 10-percent chance of exceedance in a 50-year exposure period, or a 475-year return period.


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